Monday, May 25, 2020

Polonium Facts - Element 84 or Po

Polonium (Po or Element 84) is one of the radioactive elements discovered by Marie and Pierre Curie. This rare element has no stable isotopes. Its found in uranium ores and cigarette smoke and also occurs as a decay product of heavier elements. Although there arent many applications for the element, it is used to generate heat from radioactive decay for space probes. The element is used as a neutron and alpha source and in anti-static devices. Polonium has also been used as a poison to commit assassinations. Although the position of element 84 on the periodic table would lead to categorization as a metalloid, its properties are those of a true metal. PoloniumBasic Facts Symbol: Po Atomic Number: 84 Discovery: Curie 1898 Atomic weight: [208.9824] Electron configuration: [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4 Classification: semi-metal Ground level: 3P2 Polonium Physical Data Ionization potential: 8.414 ev Physical form: Silvery metal Melting point: 254Â °C Boiling point: 962Â °C Density: 9.20 g/cm3 Valence: 2, 4 References: Los Alamos National Laboratory (2001), Crescent Chemical Company (2001), Langes Handbook of Chemistry (1952), CRC (2006)

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The World s Population Uses Technology For Their Everyday...

Over half of the world’s population uses technology for their everyday routine. In American Greed, the hacker Albert Gonzalez takes technology to a complete other level. Albert would hack with his computer into different retailer systems, and he would steal credit card numbers to sell them on the black market making a heavy amount of cash to keep. Albert Gonzalez was a nobody in the real universe, but on the internet he was a true evil genius that made a killing with other people s hard earned money with just a click of a button. Albert Gonzalez mainly grew up in south Florida. He became interested in computers when he welcomed his first one at the age of twelve. Albert was obsessed with his computer, and his grades started dropping in school. He merely went to a community college for half a semester then dropped out. Albert moved to New York and got a job with a company called dot-com. The I.T. Tech company called Siemens had Albert working for them as well, but the company m oved to Pennsylvania and he didn’t go with them. Albert was jobless and set about taking drugs. A great reason everyone trusted Albert is he worked with the secret service to help catch hackers on the black market. The only part was that Albert was working both sides. When he worked for the service he was taught material he never knew about. The material would help him turn a better hacker to still earn money off the black market for himself. â€Å"Once a hacker, always a hacker† the best mode toShow MoreRelatedTechnology And Its Effects On Our Lives1402 Words   |  6 PagesEveryday technology is manipulated and used by many people around the world. Technology describes the usage of technical means to interact with life, society, and environment, through an electronical device that is applied by science. 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One very easy way of launching a biological attack is through the use of our aviation transportation system. At airports such as the George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston, Texas, the Miami International Airport in Miami, Florida, the Los Angeles International Airport in Los Angeles, California, and the JohnRead MoreGlobal Climate Change : The Global Warming1633 Words   |  7 PagesThe Global Climate Change Currently, when human life is growing, human activities play an impact on the environment and climate, which leads to global climate change. Climate change is a problem of the whole world, and therefore remains a huge challenge for life on Earth. So what is climate change? Evolution of how it change? Climate change is caused by natural causes or by humans which possibly fluctuates the cycle of change in weather and climate. The specific expression that we often hear about

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Strategic Leadership And Different Levels Of Business...

1.0 Strategic Leadership Styles Strategy is the direction and scope of an organisation over the long-term: which achieves advantage for the organisation through its configuration of resources within a challenging environment, to meet the needs of markets and to fulfill stakeholder expectations. (Johnson and Scholes, 1999) 1.1 Strategic leadership is demonstrated when a leader knows effective efficient leverage of Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) to deliver the corporate strategy (Schuler and Jackson, 2005; 2007, Stroh and Caligiuri, 1998, Hendry and Pettigrew, 1986) while aligning the needs interests of the stakeholders internal (employees/managers), connected (financers, customers those in the supply chain) external (Media, Government, unions, local communities professional bodies) We will examine the late Apple CEO Steve Jobs’ leadership styles role, strengths weaknesses at different levels of Business Success defined by Bill McBean (2012); also briefly illustrate some of the relevant theories relating to drivers of job performance, Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) models, qualities exhibited by him. McBean (2012) states that there are 5 levels (L1-L5) of business success for every successful business owner or leader (see diagram 1-0). Success at different levels requires different strategies resources, set of actions leadership abilities. 1.2 Steve Jobs’ Leadership styles at different Levels of Business Success With an

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Importance of Managing Global Teams-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Write a Literature on Challenges of Managing Global Teams. Answer: Introduction: With the inception of globalization changes is witnessed in almost all areas of businesses. Companies are addressing all these challenges associated with globalization by conducting a reconsideration of their conventional ways of performing the responsibilities (Jones and George 2015). For that reason, many global companies are developing teams with individuals from different geographical region. People coming from different ethnic and racial background need to work within one roof for the fulfilment of the organizational goals and objectives. It has created major challenges for the managers in handling all the members working within the same team. There are several factors including language differences, communication problem, misunderstanding and cultural differences that can have greater impact on the overall bonding of the team. It has induced managers to identify the areas of conflict to intervene in such a way so that it can create maximum team efficiency (Reiche, Mendenhall an d Stahl 2016). Global teams are developed to enhance the efficiency level of the organization so that it can able to achieve sustainable growth in the market. Effective utilization of global teams can actually provide new dimension to the overall performance level of a team. On the other hand, it can also create several challenges within the work culture that might create adverse impact on the overall efficiency level. This study will highlight the core challenges associated with the global teams so that management can be ready to handle any type of unpleasant situation. This study will discuss concepts and perspectives highlighted by several authors in order to highlight the significance of maintaining global teams appropriately. Project Objective: In order to evaluate the challenges associated in managing global teams, the study will focus on following objectives: To provide in-depth overview about the concepts of managing global teams To highlight the prime reasons for the businesses to use several global teams simultaneously To identify all the challenges for the managers in handling a global team efficiency within a corporate structure To highlight the gap after evaluation of different previous literatures related with handling global teams Project Scope: In the present competitive business environment, every business is looking to expand their reach across geographical boundaries. Almost all the multinational organizations have recruited people from all across the globe for performing all the requirements associated with the operational procedure (Mendenhall 2012). Therefore, organizations do not have any other options than to concentrate on utilizing of global teams. This study will have the opportunity to evaluate the overall concepts of global teams along with proper identification of pros and cons associated with it. The study will also have the scope to highlight several strategies initiated by managers from different multinational organizations for fulfilling all the organizational goals and objectives. It can also provide the best possible way to use global teams for accomplishing all the operational responsibilities. Thus, the development of literature review section will help to enhance the overall quality of the information provided in the research study. Literature Review: Previous literature review: In this specific article, Choices, Challenges, and Career Consequences of Global Work Experiences: A Review and Future Agenda published by Shaffer et al. (2012), the author has highlighted future aspects of managing global teams for achieving business goals and objectives. The article have mentioned that the recruitment of global employees have increased at a significant rate over the past 20 years. The study has highlighted the way individuals opt for global careers for fulfilling their professional goals and objectives. The concept of expatriate has become very popular in recent times, as organizations are looking to send their best employees to perform global responsibilities. Considering the difficulty level in handling repatriation and expatriation, many companies have concentrated on developing global skills for performing overseas responsibilities. This study has examined the challenges, choices and consequences for handling different types responsibilities associated with glo bal responsibilities. For that reason, the study has emphasized on utilizing proper training and development facilities for the managers so that they can able to handle all the provided responsibilities in an appropriate manner. The study has mentioned the significance of understanding different views and perspectives of individuals coming from different geographical, cultural and educational background at the time of developing appropriate coordination within the global team. The study has also classified the overall global work experience of the employees in different categories so that it can able to highlight all the challenges associated in maintain global teams for operational efficiencies. The study has highlighted the factors like stress, identity transformation, career transformation that can work as major internal influences to perform all their roles and responsibilities. On the other hand, economical and political pressure is highlighted as the prime external factors tha t induce businesses to use global teams for performing all the global responsibilities. Overview of global teamwork: Global teamwork refers to a group that includes people from different parts of the globe. Thus, global team inevitably requires appropriate participation of the people from different parts of the globe. Without the appropriate participation, it will be extremely difficult for any team to accomplish all the necessary goals and objectives (Boussebaa, Morgan and Sturdy 2012). Due to globalization, it has become a norm for any multinational organization to use employees from different geographical backgrounds. However, many studies have highlighted the fact that managers need to have in-depth skills in understanding the culture and background of the customers in an effective way. As per the article by Daim et al. (2012), utilization of global team will allow organizations to use cultural diversity for enhancing the efficiency level of the operational procedure. Multinational organizations like Coles and JB HI FI often create market research team for assessing the needs and wants of the c ustomers. Similarly, it is essential to utilize personal sessions with all the employees for understanding their perspectives in an effective way. According to Erez et al. (2013) diverse group is likely to develop broad range of ideas, expertise and knowledge, which will eventually increase the efficiency of the operational procedure. For instance, Microsoft always focus on providing opportunities to the employees to share their thoughts and ideas in the brain storming sessions for accomplishing all the business goals successfully. In addition, many businesses have used outsourcing strategy for accomplishing their operational goals. As a result, it has induced employees of an organization to deal with employees from other countries on regular basis. Hence, utilization of proper communication network is critical for the advance utilization of global teams. When employees are from different geographical and cultural background, leaders will have to be flexible enough with their initiated strategies for accomplishing the desired goals and objectives. Diversity in the initiated roles and responsibilities are likely to bring greater control over managing a particular team. As stated by Kim and McLean (2012) organizations need to be innovative with their delivery of products and services for remaining competitive in the global market. Thus, inclusion of global teams is likely to generate idea that is more creative, thoughts and perspectives, which will definitely increase the overall efficiency in a major way. However, global teams can also create several challenges in performing all the provided responsibilities. Therefore, managers will have to be extremely careful at the time of initiating strategies to perform operational responsibilities. Importance of managing global teams for operational efficiency: Before assessing the challenges associated with managing global teams, it is critical to highlight the necessity of using it. As stated by Boutellier, Gassmann and Von Zedtwitz (2013) almost all the prime organizations across different sector have developed branches or offices in different parts of the globe. As a result, they have to recruit people from all these countries to perform all the responsibilities associated with the operational procedure. Utilization of global teams has allowed organizations to develop innovative strategies and decisions for maintaining the competitive advantage in the global market. For that reason, leaders also have to possess enough knowledge and skills to handle employees from all possible background. As illustrated by Zander, Mockaitis and Butler (2012) global leadership reflects a process of leading independent people from different cultural, geographical and educational background. Traditionally, many multinational corporations have concentrated o n differentiating strategies for maximizing the output of the team. In todays complex business environment, majority of the global team management strategies aims to create proper coordination among all members of the team. As per the article by Bannerman, Hossain and Jeffery (2012) inclusion of different background employees can allow organization to deal with global customers on regular basis. In the present competitive globe, all the businesses have to deal with different customers from all across the world. Now, utilization of global team will help organizations to understand the perspectives of the customers in an appropriate way. As a result, it will help organizations to create strong bonding with the customers, which will eventually create positive impact on the loyalty level (Stahl et al. 2012). Now, maintaining the loyalty level of the customers is critical for any business for achieving sustainable growth in the competitive market. In addition, inclusion of global team will help organizations to understand economic and political condition of different economies in an appropriate way (Lilian 2014). The legal guidelines are also different for different economies, which can create challenges in performing all responsibilities of the operational procedure. Therefore, inclusion of employees from different background is likely to provide assistance to the organization in avoiding any type of unnecessary activities. Thus, it has highlighted the fact that maintenance of global team is essential for achieving continues success in the global market. Challenges of business managers while managing global team: Pinjani and Palvia (2013) have highlighted the fact that several challenges or obstacles are associated with the global team. Therefore, all the managers will have to focus on identifying all the relevant challenges in such a way so that it cannot able to create adverse impact on the operational performances. Firstly, lack of trust between each other within the group can be regarded as major challenge in developing global team. As per the article by Klitmller and Lauring (2013), trust is essential to develop strong bonding among each other, which will eventually reduce the possibility of unproductive conflict within the team. Mutual trust is essential to cover all the basis of any group, which will resulted into maximum output at workplace. In the absence of mutual trust, all the team members can shy away from each other, which eventually resulted into adverse impact on the performances. Secondly, communication barrier is another prime concern that global teams will have to deal with in an effective way. People from different geographical locations will have different languages as their mother tongue (Morgan, Paucar-Caceres and Wright 2014). Therefore, they obviously feel more comfortable in speaking their preferred languages, which can create differentiation within the group. Moreover, Muethel, Gehrlein and Hoegl (2012) have highlighted the fact that people living in different locations possess different values, beliefs and perspectives. As a result, they often choose different ways to express their thoughts and beliefs. Now, managers will have to understand these differences at the time of initiating any strategies. Otherwise, it can create significant amount of adverse impact on the performance level. The communication barriers also have to include challenges associated improper understanding of non-verbal communication. Recently, Woolworths has faced several challenges in initiating similar rule in all their branches, which have affected the overall efficiency of the operational procedure. Several studies have mentioned that proper understanding of non-verbal communication is essential element to develop effective groups within the workplace. However, people from different geographical locations often posses different body language that can create conf usion within the work place. As described by Pirkkalainen and Pawlowski (2014) cultural barriers is another prime factor that can have major impact on the team performance level. Here, management will have to evaluate the cultural difference from the perspective of power distance, uncertainty avoidance, musicality and orientation of people coming from different cultural background. Thus, development of proper global team depends on effective minimization of these challenges for accomplishing organizational goals and objectives. Impact of global teamwork in business expansion: Globalization has emerged as revolutionary concept that changed the business process completely. It has allowed overcoming the challenges associated with conducting business in overseas countries. Moreover, increasing reach of internet and technological advancement has transformed the way all the activities are conducted within the operational procedure. It has allowed businesses to maintain complex operational procedure for fulfilling all the business goals and objectives (Galliers and Leidner 2014). However, with the inclusion of complex operational process, every organization has focused on recruiting specialized people for all the activities associated with the operational procedure. For instance, retail giants like Tesco and Wal-Mart have included employees from different section of the globe so that they do not have to sacrifice with the quality of the resources. Therefore, they had no other option than to recruit suitable individual from all across the globe. Now, utilization of global people will allow multinational organizations to establish its presence in the targeted market respectfully. People from different countries will able to connect with the offered products and services psychologically. As a result, people will tend to purchase the offered products or services on a much more frequent manner. Taras et al. (2013) have mentioned the fact that organizations will have to use global teams for developing strong customer service team. It is likely that diversified workforce will able to understand the perspectives of customers from different committees in an appropriate manner. As a result, it would increase the quality of the provided solutions. Therefore, it is likely to keep customers happy and satisfied with the provided quality of products and service. Literature gap: The above evaluation has highlighted the fact that appropriate utilization of global teams is essential for accomplishing all the business goals and objectives. It has mentioned the way global teams is likely to enhance the revenue level of the organization. However, the study has also highlighted different challenges associated with the development of global teams. However, there is no specific ways has been developed for avoiding such challenges for the effective fulfilment of organizational goals and objectives. The previous studies also have not considered the way business environment has changed over the past few years in a significant manner. Moreover, the kind of impact inclusion of indigenous people will have on the efficiency level of a global team. Therefore, there are many scopes to conduct research activities for identifying the best possible way to handle challenges associated with managing global teams. Conclusion: Managing of global teams has emerged as one of the prime challenges for the managers for ensuring continues growth in the global market. Over the years, several organizations have developed different strategies for keeping the diversified workforce happy and satisfied with the provided roles and responsibilities. However, managers in different multinational organizations will have to acquire different skills and knowledge for handling employees from different geographical and cultural background for long period of time. The leaders will have to focus on assessing the way people from different geographical region communicates with each other. It will allow the managers to identify the best possible way to transfer information in an appropriate way. In addition, managers will also have to provide special attention to all the employees so that they do not feel neglected within the workplace. Moreover, the management will have to ensure employees from all background can have equal amount of opportunity for career progression in order to accomplish all the goals of developing global teams. References: Bannerman, P.L., Hossain, E. and Jeffery, R., 2012, January. Scrum practice mitigation of global software development coordination challenges: A distinctive advantage?. InSystem Science (HICSS), 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on(pp. 5309-5318). IEEE. Boussebaa, M., Morgan, G. and Sturdy, A., 2012. Constructing global firms? National, transnational and neocolonial effects in international management consultancies.Organization Studies,33(4), pp.465-486. Boutellier, R., Gassmann, O. and Von Zedtwitz, M., 2013.Managing global innovation: uncovering the secrets of future competitiveness. Springer Science Business Media. Daim, T.U., Ha, A., Reutiman, S., Hughes, B., Pathak, U., Bynum, W. and Bhatla, A., 2012. Exploring the communication breakdown in global virtual teams.International Journal of Project Management,30(2), pp.199-212. Erez, M., Lisak, A., Harush, R., Glikson, E., Nouri, R. and Shokef, E., 2013. Going global: Developing management students' cultural intelligence and global identity in culturally diverse virtual teams.Academy of Management Learning Education,12(3), pp.330-355. Galliers, R.D. and Leidner, D.E. eds., 2014.Strategic information management: challenges and strategies in managing information systems. Routledge. Jones, G. and George, J., 2015.Contemporary management. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Kim, S. and McLean, G.N., 2012. Global talent management: Necessity, challenges, and the roles of HRD.Advances in Developing Human Resources,14(4), pp.566-585. Klitmller, A. and Lauring, J., 2013. When global virtual teams share knowledge: Media richness, cultural difference and language commonality.Journal of World Business,48(3), pp.398-406. Lilian, S.C., 2014. Virtual teams: Opportunities and challenges for e-leaders.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,110, pp.1251-1261. Mendenhall, M.E. ed., 2012.Global leadership: Research, practice, and development. Routledge. Morgan, L., Paucar-Caceres, A. and Wright, G., 2014. Leading effective global virtual teams: The consequences of methods of communication.Systemic Practice and Action Research,27(6), pp.607-624. Muethel, M., Gehrlein, S. and Hoegl, M., 2012. Socio?demographic factors and shared leadership behaviors in dispersed teams: Implications for human resource management.Human Resource Management,51(4), pp.525-548. Pinjani, P. and Palvia, P., 2013. Trust and knowledge sharing in diverse global virtual teams.Information Management,50(4), pp.144-153. Pirkkalainen, H. and Pawlowski, J.M., 2014. Global social knowledge managementunderstanding barriers for global workers utilizing social software.Computers in Human Behavior,30, pp.637-647. Reiche, B.S., Mendenhall, M.E. and Stahl, G.K. eds., 2016.Readings and cases in international human resource management. Taylor Francis. Shaffer, M.A., Kraimer, M.L., Chen, Y.P. and Bolino, M.C., 2012. Choices, challenges, and career consequences of global work experiences: A review and future agenda. Journal of Management, 38(4), pp.1282-1327. Stahl, G., Bjrkman, I., Farndale, E., Morris, S.S., Paauwe, J., Stiles, P., Trevor, J. and Wright, P., 2012. Six principles of effective global talent management.Sloan Management Review,53(2), pp.25-42. Taras, V., Caprar, D.V., Rottig, D., Sarala, R.M., Zakaria, N., Zhao, F., Jimnez, A., Wankel, C., Lei, W.S., Minor, M.S. and Bry?a, P., 2013. A global classroom? Evaluating the effectiveness of global virtual collaboration as a teaching tool in management education.Academy of Management Learning Education,12(3), pp.414-435. Zander, L., Mockaitis, A.I. and Butler, C.L., 2012. Leading global teams.Journal of World Business,47(4), pp.592-603.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Personal Statement Essays (518 words) - , Term Papers

Personal Statement HmmmWhat shall I tell you about me? You, the person who will decide my fate, my fate as to whether I would go to CU-Boulder, go live in Colorado, go snowboarding in the mountains, meet lots of interesting people, and have the most wonderful experience?I better make myself sound worthy. First off, I want you to know that I'm an unparalleled individual, whose outlook on life is of total optimism. Through out my 18 years, I've become freinds with people from all walks of life. I've learned to empathize with just about every one of them, gaining the greatest understanding in a variety of remarkable characters. One of my favorite, a homeless lady who's called Polly, tells the most incredible stories of love and the many men she has encountered in her 54 years of life. She lives under a bridge and panhandles for a living, yet she appears so happy and dandy, and she can put a smile on my face any day. She's the kind of person who makes me appreciate all the little things people like myself normally take for granted. I come from a family in which the parents struggled starting fresh at 30 years old in a new world, America. They came here in refuge from a country whose leader had forsaken his people, leaving them in a four year long nightmare in which over two million people were done to death. That country is Cambodia. The parents came to America, after having survived such evil and cruelty, not knowing a word of English, yet they persevered with desire of better lives for their two daughters. One of them, the oldest, is I. My father made me start training in Martial Arts, Tae Kwon Do, when I was 13 years old. He wanted me to have self-discipline and self-confidence?well, I guess I should thank him because all that training worked. Tae Kwon Do is a way of life for me. The tenants in which I practice are integrity, self-control, perseverance, and indomitable spirit. They may sound cheesy, but if you think about it, hey, it's actually very ethical. My father gave me martial arts, and my 14-year-old sister introduced snowboarding to me when I was 16. I love snowboarding! I basically taught myself how to board, well? with the help of viewing my sister's skillfulness. I plan on indulging myself with Tae kwon Do and snowboarding for the rest of my life! I just can't stress enough on how much I love it! My parents and I have many expectations for myself, and I hope to fulfill them. One of them, a very important one, is to go to college, preferably CU. I want to be in Colorado to experience its awesome environment, and at the same time, be a part of an awesome student body! My destination is to where and when my mind gains knowledge to its greatest capacity and I hope to have an amazing experience down this long and twisting path also known as my learning process. Acceptance Essays

Monday, March 9, 2020

Three Different Elements of a Crime

Three Different Elements of a Crime In the United States, there are specific elements of a crime that the prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt in order to obtain a conviction. The  three specific elements (with exception) that define a crime which the prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt in order to obtain a conviction: (1) that a crime has actually occurred  (actus reus), (2) that the accused intended the crime to happen (mens rea)  and (3) and concurrence of the two meaning there is a timely relationship between the first two factors. Example of the Three Elements in Context Jeff is upset with his ex-girlfriend, Mary, for ending their relationship. He goes to look for her and spots her having dinner with another man named Bill. He decides to get even with Mary by setting her apartment on fire. Jeff goes to Marys apartment and lets himself in, using a key that Mary has asked for him to give back on several occasions. He then places several newspapers on the kitchen floor and sets them on fire. Just as he is leaving, Mary and Bill enter the apartment. Jeff runs off and Mary and Bill are able to quickly put out the fire. The fire did not cause any real damage, however Jeff is arrested and charged with attempted arson. The prosecution must prove that a crime occurred, that Jeff intended for the crime to occur, and concurrence for attempted arson. Understanding Actus Reus Criminal act, or actus reus, is generally defined as a criminal act that was the result of voluntary bodily movement. A criminal act can also occur when a defendant fails to act (also known as omission). A criminal act must occur because people cannot be legally punished because of their thoughts or intentions. Also, referencing the Eighth Amendment Ban on Cruel and Unusual Punishment, crimes cannot be defined by status.   Examples of involuntary acts, as described by the Model Penal Code, include: A reflex or convulsion;A bodily movement during unconsciousness or sleep;Conduct during hypnosis or resulting from hypnotic suggestion;A bodily movement that otherwise is not a product of the effort or determination of the actor, either conscious or habitual.   Example of an Involuntary Act Jules Lowe of Manchester, England, was arrested and charged with the murder of his 83-year-old father Edward Lowe was brutally beaten and found dead in his driveway. During the trial, Lowe admitted to killing his father, but because he suffered from sleepwalking (also known as automatism), he did not remember committing the act.   Lowe, who shared a house with his father, had a history of sleepwalking, had never been known to show any violence towards his father and had an excellent relationship with his father. Defense lawyers also had Lowe tested by sleep experts who provided testimony at his trial that, based on the tests, Lowe suffered from sleepwalking. The defense concluded that the murder of his father was a result of insane automatism, and that he could no be held legally responsible for the murder. The jury agreed and Lowe was sent to a psychiatric hospital where he was treated for 10 months and then released. Example of a Voluntary Act Resulting in a Non-Voluntary Act Melinda decided to celebrate after receiving a promotion at work. She went to her friends house where she spent several hours drinking wine and smoking synthetic marijuana. When it is time to go home, Melinda, despite protests from friends, decided she was okay to drive herself home. During the drive home she passed out at the wheel. While passed out, her car collided with an oncoming car, resulting in the death of the driver.   Melinda voluntarily drank, smoked the synthetic marijuana, and then decided to drive her car. The collision that resulted in the death of the other driver occurred when Melinda was passed out, but she was passed out due to decisions she voluntarily made before passing out and would therefore be found culpable for the death of the person driving the car she collided with while passed out. Omission Omission is another form of actus reus and is the act of failing to take action that would have prevented injury to another person. Criminal negligence is also a form of actus reus.   An omission could be failing to warn others that they could be in danger because of something that you did, failure to a person left in your care, or not failure to complete your work properly which resulted in an accident.   (Source: U.S.Courts - District of Idaho)

Saturday, February 22, 2020

SMEs Marketing Strategy Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

SMEs Marketing Strategy - Case Study Example First, the availability of improved marketing intelligence has facilitated planning. Second, utilization of the computer and various mathematical models has made an impact. Third, managements are becoming more scientific and organizations are now more complex with a broader diversity of products. Fourth, business outlays are larger and risks are often greater, all of which factors necessitate planning. The company was opened in Washington in 1971. Its founders were jerry Baldwin, Gordon Bowker, Alfred Peer. Howard Schiltz joined Starbucks in 1982 and proposed a new marketing mix: the idea was that the company should sell coffee beans and espresso drinks on the national scale. In two years, Starbucks expanded its business and bought Peet's. In 1987, Starbucks opened its first outside store. Since 2000, Starbucks expanded its global presence and opened new stores around the world. Today, Starbucks has 8,505 stores worldwide. The company states that its mission statement is more than a strategy approach but a philosophy of the company. The mission is to "establish Starbucks as the premier purveyor of the finest coffee in the world while maintaining our uncompromising principles while we grow" (Starbucks Home Page 2008). . While this freedom from any constraints may be attractive, it also creates challenges in tackling segmentation and targeting issues. One approach in this situation is to start with an examination of consumer motivations and goals in using a product category as a basis for identifying gaps in marketplace offerings. This consumer insight is the basis for developing a product or service that addresses unmet goals. Starbucks illustrates this approach. When Starbucks was conceived, coffee manufacturers were focusing on the rational benefits of their brands such as the superior taste attributable to a particular growing process as a way of competing in a declining market. In contrast, Starbucks created a coffee-based experience in which the range of preparations and atmosphere of the stores encouraged customers to view having a cup of Starbucks as a way of indulging themselves. In essence, Starbucks targeted people seeking an indulgence experience rather than simply coffee consumption (Starbucks Home Page 2008). Strategy and Success Factors Success of Starbucks is based on its unique approach to product mix and brand. On a more everyday level, Starbucks has built a powerful experiential brand. Starbucks stores are much more than a place to purchase a jolt of java (Starbucks Strategy n.d.). They offer a brief reprieve in a hectic day; a chance to inhale the rich aroma of fresh coffee and listen to relaxing music, while tasting a rich, specially prepared brew in the company of like-minded coffee addicts. One hallmark of the Starbucks' experience, and any great experience really, is consistency. Delivering a consistently good experience is a challenge in the retail coffee business. Making a consistently high-quality caf latt, for instance, requires, first, brewing two ounces of coffee. Starbucks' guidelines require this to be drawn in 18 to 23 seconds at 90 degrees Celsius and 9 bars of pressure to produce excellent espresso (Starbucks Home Page 2008). Second, the milk must be steamed to 160 degrees Fahrenheit. Most